Santiago del Estero

Santiago del Estero Coat of Arms

Coat of Arms

Geografical Location

Santiago del Estero Map

Area: 136.351 Km2

Population: 804.457 habitantes (Censo 2001).

Capital City: Santiago del Estero - 244.733 habitantes (Censo 2001).

Main Cities: Santiago del Estero, La Banda, Frías, Añatuya, Termas de Río Hondo, Quimilí, Clodomira, Suncho Corral.

Santiago del Estero is a typical land-locked province, bounded by the provinces of Salta and Chaco on the north; the provinces of Chaco and Santa Fe on the east; the province of Córdoba on the south; and the provinces of Catamarca, Tucumán, and Salta on the west.

It has a total area of 136,351 square kilometers (3.6% of the national total). The territory is a widely extended plain with a slight northwest-southeasterly slope. It is crossed by only two rivers, Dulce and Salado, unlike in their abundance as well as in the possibilities of their use.

During the last decades, a series of dams, reservoirs, compensatory ditches, diversion channels, and intercommunication channels have been built for water development, 95% of which is used in agricultural and animal husbandry activities.

Dam over Río Dulce

Horsebackriding in Santiago del Estero

Political Organization and Demographic Structure:

Santiago del Estero, whose capital has the same name, is divided into 27 departments, with separate political and administrative powers.

Annual growth rate is 11.6‰, while density is 4.9 inhabitants per square kilometer. Urban population comes up to 61%. (1991).


Climate is hot, corresponding to the subtropical zone. Annual average temperature in summer is 28°C/82°F, with extreme variations up to 45°C/113°F, while in winter, the average temperature is 14°C/57°F. Total annual precipitation ranges from 600 to 750 mm.

Weather Forecast fo Santiago del Estero

Weather Condition in Santiago del Estero

Economic Structure:

In 1994, the primary sector, basically consisting of the agricultural and animal husbandry activities, contributed 14% to the value added of the total supply of goods and services.

The secondary sector generated 18%, while the remaining 68% of the global economic activity corresponds to the supply of financial, transport and communications, commerce, tourism, and government services.

The major activity of Santiago del Estero is agriculture, basically horticulture, cotton, soya and surghum. Although of lesser importance, animal husbandry (especially goats) and forestry are to be mentioned. Industry is hardly significant, outstanding “food and beverage”, and “textiles”.


Tourist attractiveness is chiefly based on Río Hondo Thermal-Baths and Copo National Park.

Places to Visit

Copo National Park