Neuquén Province

Neuquén Coat of Arms

Neuquén Province Coat of Arms

Geografical Location

Map of Neuquén Province

Population: 474.155 inhabitants (2001).

Surface: 94,078 km2

Capital: Neuquén

Main cities: Neuquén, Zapala, Chos Malal, Alumine, San Martín de los Andes, Cutral Có.

Two main zones are distinguished: the mountainous west, with abundant rains, lakes and vegetation; and the own Eastern part of the Patagonian plateau, with few precipitations and very barren.

Neuquén province is bounded by the provinces of Río Negro on the East and South, Mendoza on the North and Chile on the West.


Two main zones are distinguished: the mountainous west, with abundant rains, lakes and vegetation; and the own Eastern part of the Patagonian plateau, with few precipitations and very barren.

Mountain Range
Domuyo 4.709 mts Chapelco 2.394 mts Trocomán
Lanín 3.776 mts Machete 2.260 mts Huantraico
Tromen 3.978 mts Mocho 1833 mts Negra
Copahue 2.970 mts Chihuidos 1.303 mts AucaMahuida 2.253 mts

Valley of the Dinosaurs

Weather Forecast in Neuquén City

Weather Conditions in Neuquén City


Of continental type. In the region of the Andes Mountain r the climate is cold and humid, with temperatures that oscillate between the 5 and 12 degrees Celsius and rains that reach 2,000 annual mm. In the mountainous zone, north for the Alumine lake, the climate is semi-arid, with rain between 150 and 300 mm.

In the rest of the province it is cold, dry, windy and with inferior rains to 150 mm.


In the mountainous zone, abundant rains make possible the existence of dense forests, in which the dominant species are chew, Lang and the false larch. At the lower level of the forest is plenty of collies, diverse shrubs and flowers like amancay.

Towards the east, the density of the vegetation is diminishing because of the lower rain, changing from high trees to other small bushes species (main, cairn, none) and, finally, to the shrubs and grass.


There are many species that are exclusive of Neuquén, standing out two varieties of red deer: the puddle and humble. Between the carnivorous mammals it is possible to see ferret, the Patagonian zorrino and the Mauna cat. The eagles, condors, woodpeckers, Patagonian coterie, finch, gallareta, Mac, heron, avutarda stand out between the birds.

Neuquén receives visitors worldwide interested in the sport fishing. Its rivers and lakes introduced species like the brown trout and rainbow, and other native ones like the pejerrey, perches and carps abound.

Chapelco Ski Resort

Distances from Neuquén City:

Lanín Volcano

2.012 km to San Salvador de Jujuy.

2.058 km to Posadas.

1.147 km to Buenos Aires.

1.135 km to Córdoba.

1.344 km to Santa Fé.

2.532 km to Ushuaia.

1.936 km to Río Gallegos.

743 km to Rawson.

837 km to Mendoza.

434 km to San Carlos de Bariloche.

557 km to Viedma.

535 km to Santa Rosa.


It participates in the national gross product with a little more 2%.

Fruitgrowing :

Towards the east of the province, in the valleys of the Neuquén and Limay rivers, the agriculture is intensive and it has been developed by the construction of an artificial irrigation system that includes drains and channels. The apples and pears occupy the first place in production, followed by the peach trees, plums and sour cherries. It is also of consideration the production of grass and vegetables.


The Neuquina River basin - that also includes part of the provinces of Río Negro, La Pampa and Mendoza- is the most important oil and gas productive zone of the country, it produces 39% of the total of petroleum of Argentina.

The Loma de la Lata deposit has verified reserves of 306,460 million of m3, it is the greatest of the country, and contributes with almost 40% of the gas produced in the country. Pipe lines have been constructed in order to transport the fluid towards others areas of Argentina and the neighboring countries.


La Cuenca Neuquina -que también abarca parte de las provincias de Río Negro, La Pampa y Mendoza- es la zona petrolera y gasífera más importante del país, produce el 39% del total de petróleo de Argentina. El yacimiento gasífero de Loma de la Lata posee reservas comprobadas de 306.460 millones de m3, es el más grande del país, y aporta casi el 40% del gas producido en el país. Con motivo de esta gran producción, fueron construidos oleoductos y gasoductos para el transporte hacia otras áreas de Argentina, e incluso hacia el vecino país de Chile.

Energy Production:

On the Limay and Neuquén rivers, several dams (Stone of the Aguila, Pichi Picún Leufu, the Chocón, Arroyito, Plain Little flag) have been built. They produce 47 % of the hydroelectric energy of the country.

Power Stations:

Power MW
Alicura 1.000 On Limay River
Piedra del Aguila 1.400 On Limay River
Chocón 1.200 On Limay River
P. Banderita 450 On Neuquén River
Pichi Picún Leufu 252 On Limay River
Others 1900 -
Chihuido I 852 Projected
Chihuido II 377 Projected
Seg. Angostura 120 Projected
Michihuao 621 Projected
Senillosa 101 Projected
Plottier 101 Projected
Collon Cura 376 Projected

Industry :

Although its highest concentration is around the capital city, it has important manifestations in other cities, as the cement industry in Zapala. The mining reaches a high level of development in the provincial northeast, while in the west the main economic activity is related to the forest operation and the sawmills.

Places to Visit in Neuquén Province