Political Organization and Demographic Structure:
This province, having Santa Rosa as its capital city, is divided into 22 departments, with
separate political and administrative powers.
Annual growth rate is 21‰, while density amounts to 1.8 inhabitants per
square kilometer. Urban population represents 76%. (2001).
In 1994, the primary sector, consisting basically in agricultural and animal husbandry
activities, contributed 47% to the value added of the total supply of goods and services. The
secondary sector generated 14%, and the remaining 39% of the global economic activity, corresponds
to the supply of financial, transport and communications, commerce, tourism, and government services.
The province shows a high relative specialization in raw materials, basically agriculture, cattle and hydrocarbons.
In the agricultural sector, which during the last years has incorporated technology and
increased the use of agrochemicals, the most important
commodities are wheat, sunflower, corn, sorghum, oats, rye, barley and forage crops; of
lesser significance are the irrigation crops (fruit trees and horticulture).
Industry, having a lower relative weight, is mainly concentrated on
cold-storage plants, dairy products, flour mills and textiles.