Buenos Aires Province

Provincial Coat of Arms


Geografical Location


Map of Buenos Aires Province
The Weather in Buenos Aires Province

Surface: 307,571 KM2


Population: 13,828,677 (Including the surrounding of Great Buenos Aires City) (2001)


Main Cities: La Plata, Mar del Plata, Bahía Blanca, Pergamino, San Nicolas, Necochea, Carmen de Patagones, Olavarría.


Description:

The province of Buenos Aires is located in the Pampean region. It is bounded by the provinces of Santa Fe, Córdoba and Entre Ríos, north; the Atlantic Ocean (Mar Argentino) and Río de la Plata, east; the province of Río Negro and the Atlantic Ocean (Mar Argentino), south; and the provinces of Río Negro, La Pampa and Córdoba, on the west.


It has an area of 307,571 square kilometers (8.2% of the country total) which, due to their altitude, are totally comprised in the Pampean region, with temperate climate.


This region can be geographically subdivided into four main areas: the depressed pampa (pampa deprimida), cut through by the Salado river, is an extremely flat area; the undulating pampa (pampa ondulada), northeast of Salado river; the name is due to a series of slopes resulting from the design impressed upon this area by the many rivers and streams of zigzagging lines.

Opposite to the northwest angle of the province is located the dune pampa (pampa medanosa), a plateau containing a great number of lagoons and marshlands fed by irregular rains and surrounded by dunes; lastly, the intermontane pampa (pampa interserrana), formed by mountains and a plateau in between. To the east of this area, there are the sierras belonging to the Tandilia range, and to the west, the ones corresponding to the Ventania range, with more elevated relief.

Since the very origins of the Argentine Nation, the province of Buenos Aires has had utmost relevance due its location, the fertility of its lands, its mild climate, and the fact that it has been the most important area of circulation and human settlement. Nowadays, the most conspicuous characteristics of this province are: great concentrations in the metropolitan area, and lesser relative population in the interior. 63% of the total population is concentrated in less than 2% of the province’s territory.

Annual average temperature is 15°C/59°F, and total annual precipitation is nearly 800 mm.

This province, the capital city of which is La Plata, is divided into 128 departments with separate political and administrative powers. Annual average growth rate is 14‰ while density is 41 inhabitants per square kilometer. Urban population comes up to 95%. (1991)

Golf Court in Pinamar


Mar del Plata

Close to Tandil

Political Organization and Demographic Structure:


This province, the capital city of which is La Plata, is divided into 128 departments with separate political and administrative powers.


Annual average growth rate is 14‰ while density is 41 inhabitants per square kilometer.


Urban population comes up to 95%. (1991)


Economic Structure:


In 1996, the primary sector of the province, basically consisting in its agricultural and animal husbandry activities, contributed 6% to the value added of the total supply of goods and services. The secondary sector generated 42%, and the remaining 52% of the global economic activity corresponds to the supply of financial, transport and communications, commerce, tourism, and government services.


The present population of the province of Buenos Aires represents over one third of Argentina’s population. From the economic point of view, this jurisdiction has the biggest relative weight and it has, at the same time, the highest level of productive diversification. It must be pointed out that Greater Buenos Aires concentrates a large population as well as numerous industrial and commercial activities and services.


With relation to the country, this province has over 38% of the area planted with cereals and over 40% of the grains produced. Outstanding among the different crops are wheat, corn, sunflower and barley. As to livestock, Buenos Aires concentrates about 37% of the country’s total stock. Its industrial production amounts to fifty percent of the total at national level, concentrating 44% of the total labor force employed. The most relevant activities are oil refining, automotive industry, medicines and drugs, parts, dairy products and cold-storage plants. In mining, the quarrying of ornamental rocks is important at national level, as well as certain non metalliferous minerals.

Places to Visit

Otamendi Natural Reserve