PN Iguazú (Iguazú National Park) is located in the North region of Misiones province, in Iguazu
department, and has a 67.000 hectare surface. In the north of the park -separated by the Iguazu River, which
stands for international limit- there is its Brazilian pair. In the year 1984 both sides were declared as
“Humanity Worldwide Heritage Place" by the UNESCO.
In the protected area there are some species in danger of
extinction: the “jaguar”, the “tapir”, the “ocelote”, the “tiricas”, the “ anteater ”, the “pavas de monte” , the
“jungle eagle ” and the “yacaré overo”.
The Iguazu River has a 1320 km length up to its end in the Parana River, 23 km behind the rainfalls.
Surrounded by low coasts, this river has in most part of its way a width that varies from 500 to 1000 ms.
Inside the National Park it becomes wider up to 1500 ms and bends to the south to take later
the north, forming a large U. On the banks of the Iguazu River and in the delta's islands grow
an enormous quantity of trees that need a great amount of humidity.
There are various species: the curupay, the cupay, the white laurel, the aguay and the
ingá, and also the ceibo, whose flower has been declared Agentina´s National Flower. Due to the weather
there are certain rarities, standing out two very special communities: the cupay woods, composed
by caedizas leaves trees that gain a copper color when coming out and the Paspalum Lilloi
pastures. This species can only be found in this region of the country.
The flora has more than 90 species, some of them are: “lapacho negro”, “lapacho amarillo”
and “ibirá pytá”. In many zones of PN Iguazú (Iguazú National Park) an special community
can be found: the “palmito jungle” and “palo rosa”. The “palo rosa” is a tree that has 40
metres high. Under Its shadow, some species –like the “palmitos”- grows up.
The most typical bird of the protected area is the “ vencejo de cascada”.
In the footbridge section you can see “coatíes” and “big toucans”.
In the different paths you can see a big diversity of butterflies. In the sunny zones of
the paths you can see small lizards called “ Tropidurus”.
A part of Iguazú Falls from the air
Coatí or Nasua
Tucán in Iguazú Area
Weather Conditions at Iguazú